Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer that affects serous membrane, thin vein of lungs, heart, and other internal organ and it makes the vital organs swell with excessive liquid. This disease is often cause by exposure to asbestos fibers. Commonly, cancer appears when DNA mutation happens.
This mutation make the cells grow up and develop while other cell has a normal live and death cycle. The accumulation of cancer cells will trigger malignant tumor. The people who has high risk to incur disease is the people who exposed by asbestos periodically in their job.
The occupations which related to this are military veteran, worker construction, auto mechanic, ship workers, and asbestos factory workers. About 2.200 people diagnosed suffer this cancer every year in America.
Asbestos is the main factor why people suffer this cancer. Asbestos is a natural mineral which is mined to every need. Start with the isolating and fireproofing to crayon manufactured and soil potting. In 1970, the research learns about the danger of environment that may cause mesothelioma, and heavy government regulation has already increased of using asbestos to record lower position.
Mesothelioma possibly won’t grow until 30 years or more following asbestos fiber, so the worker in occupation which need asbestos have to follow the rules or safety guide from their boss to decrease their risks.
Mesothelioma can cause symptoms similar with lungs cancer, including hard breathing, chest pain, and losing some weights for no reason. The doctor can use x-ray light to looking for the disease in lungs, but the doctor has to take the biopsy to confirm the diagnosed. 70% of mesothelioma case happens in lungs.
Get to Know Mesothelioma Type of Cancer
There are three types of mesothelioma:
Pleural Mesothelioma :
It is tumor where the vein of lungs will be affected by malignant cells. When the malignant cells get into pleura, it starts to spread and affect organs surrounding. This will cause more complication. Hard breathing, chest pain, cough, anemia, liquid surround the lungs, blood in the sputum are the symptoms cause of mesothelioma. You need to remember that this type and lungs cancer are very different, nor the treatment. The treatment for this tumor includes operation procedure.
It is a tumor from peritoneum membrane to affects organs including stomach. Form of this cancer is not too common than pleural but more aggressive. So, the signs are heavy and shorter life expectancy. The symptoms are pain in stomach, swelling in stomach, diarrhea, bump in stomach, suddenly lose weights.
Pericardial Mesothelioma :
It is the rarest form of cancer, less than 10% of mesothelioma cases. The main factor of this disease is smells the asbestos to fibers. According to this disease, the doctor hasn’t understood obviously about how the asbestos fibers get through the pericardium. The possibility is, asbestos fibers change into small pieces and carried from heart to lungs through blood circulation.
The patient with malignant mesothelioma can asks their doctor about the references of medical treatment to cure the cancer or decrease the symptoms. The doctor may lose the part of the vein pocket which protects lungs, heart, chest, and diaphragm.
If mesothelioma has already spread to one of the lungs, the doctor can take one of them too. If the pile of the liquid around the lungs makes the patient hard to breath, the doctor can flow the liquid from around the lungs vein with tube and place the drugs into it to prevent excessive liquid.
Beside the operation procedure, another form to cure or lose this tumor can use radiation therapy, the x-ray high energy could vanish the tumor cells by explosion. There are two ways of radiation therapy, external and internal. There’s one last way to cure this cancer, that’s chemotherapy. Process of using drugs combination to destroy the cancer cells.