Nation Legacy: Strengthening pluralism, democracy and social justice as the basic values of the national ideology pancasila is essential in developing a multicultural and democratic Indonesia.
However, since the fall of Soeharto, pancasila has become marginalized both as the nations reference and social discourse, even in schools and colleges.
In the midst of widespread corruption, violence and threats from radicals, evoking pancasila education in our classrooms is a must. Rediscovering pancasila education for our children is urgent to ensure the future of our nation as we commemorate the 67th anniversary of pancasila.
Pancasila: The Most Valuables of The Nation Legacy
We cannot avoid the reality that pancasila and civic education is highly susceptible to the interests of the incumbent ruler in maintaining the status quo as happened in the past.
Under soekarno, civic education was no more than a transmission of his personal political beliefs.
During the new order, the regime held a monopoly in interpreting pancasila by enacting the 36 items of the pancasila code of conduct.
Civic education was the reduced to a rendition of the regime’s interpretation of pancasila for students from primary to university level.
Nation Legacy: Pancasila education lost in appeal soon after the new order regime collapsed. National education law No. 23/2003 omitted pancasila as mandatory subject in the national curriculum.
As a consequence, pancasila now is simply an adjunct to civic education. In the current curriculum, pancasila is taught only in the first quarter of the academic year in the fourth and sixth grade of elementary schools and a half semester in junior and senior high schools.
With the linear model of curriculum, it is easy to understand why education institutions do not take pancasila seriously.
Nowadays, civic education is skewed to the study of politics, governance and constitutional law, even in primary schools that should cover only the basic knowledge and put more emphasis on character education.
The changes to Pancasila and civic education policies so far have not changed the generally dull characteristics of the subject. Pancasila and civic education are flooded with too many topics and dogma but do not encourage critical thinking.
Pancasila and civic education are often taught by teachers with a narrow repertoire, low competency both in basic knowledge and teaching skills, so that they tend to stick rigidly to the official curriculum.
The learning process of the subject is therefore marked by the talk and chalk method, question and answer, or regular drills to accustom students to ticking the boxes of multiple choice model tests. It comes as no surprise then that subjects of Pancasila and civic education are so boring, unattractive and unpopular among our students.
Policy makers urgently need to bring Pancasila education back to schools as the nation’s moral guidance, without having to revise the old style to teaching.
Teaching Pancasila as the basic national values should not be monopolized by teachers of the subjects of Pancasila education. It is the responsibility of all teachers to promote Pancasila as values that can be learned in all subjects, including math, science or even sports.
Pancasila can be taught using the spiral model of curriculum in continues way at all levels of education according to the phases of child development.
And the point is if you want to our country get back our glorious again, don’t forget our legacy, nation legacy, our basic values. PANCASILA.